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Welcome to Ensembles

The ENSEMBLES project (contract number GOCE-CT-2003-505539) was supported by the European Commission’s 6th Framework Programme as a 5 year Integrated Project from 2004-2009 under the Thematic Sub-Priority “Global Change and Ecosystems”.

The project aims to:

  • Develop an ensemble prediction system for climate change based on the principal state-of-the-art, high resolution, global and regional Earth System models developed in Europe, validated against quality controlled, high resolution gridded datasets for Europe, to produce for the first time, an objective probabilistic estimate of uncertainty in future climate at the seasonal to decadal and longer timescales
  • Quantify and reduce the uncertainty in the representation of physical, chemical, biological and human-related feedbacks in the Earth System (including water resource, land use, and air quality issues, and carbon cycle feedbacks)
  • Maximise the exploitation of the results by linking the outputs of the ensemble prediction system to a range of applications, including agriculture, health, food security, energy, water resources, insurance and weather risk management.

Oceans’ 17 Returns To Aberdeen


The Oceans’ 17 Conference have confirmed that it will returns to Aberdeen next year. Subsea UK have also announced that it plans to support the event.

Subsea UK is the industry body that helps regulate and represent the subsea sector. The organisation are now the Gold Patron of the Oceans’ 17 event. In the United Kingdom the subsea sector is worth a staggering nine billion pounds.

The Oceans’ 17 event will bring key markets and key companies together in order to protect the world’s oceans. The event wants to improve the way companies and industries operate in order to stop companies exploiting the oceans.

Oceans’ 17 is considered to be the best international events for the marine community and is vital for industries to come together and talk about the current issues in the world. Next year, the conference will cover a range of topics including new technology, ocean science and engineering. Before the conference kicks off, Oceans’ 17 will also release tutorials and lectures. These will come from guest speakers that are renowned across the world in their fields.

The event was launched by the Marine Technology Society and the IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society. Next year it will be held at the Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Centre and will run from the nineteenth of June to the twenty second of June 2017.

The event is expected to generate around two and a half million pounds which is great for Aberdeen’s economy. The event in 2017 is expecting to welcome more than six hundred people from across the globe. They also expect to host around sixty companies that will be showcasing both products and services that will benefit the marine industry.

The event was previously held in Aberdeen in 2007, ten years previous. The next conference will bring key figures from the marine engineering sector to discuss the changes seen in the industry over the past ten years.

Subsea UKSubsea UK have decided to work with the conference to show their support in sustaining and protecting the world’s oceans. The Chief Executive of Subsea UK, Neil Gordon has explained that they want to see companies develop new technology, new ideas and find better ways to work. He explained how important it was for the industry to operate and work with the oceans better.

Neil Gordon also shared why Oceans’ 17 was such an important event. He explained that it was a brilliant networking opportunity for thought leaders, the businesses with the latest technology and academics. He believes that by developing relationships, the marine industry can work better together across the globe.

Three of the key individuals organising the event are Neil Gordon from Subsea UK, Professor Sir Ian Diamond from the University of Aberdeen and Professor Ferdinand von Prondzynski from Robert Gordon University.

Co-Chair of the Oceans’ 17 event, Professor John Watson said: “It’s great to have such a prestigious body as Subsea UK confirm that it will act as principal patron for this event. Subsea UK’s participation will ensure that the conference continues to be seen by academics and company representatives involved in global subsea research and engineering as a key event for their industry.”

More Women Needed In The Oil and Gas Industry

An expert has said that the UK oil and gas industry should take advantage of the economic downturn in order to figure out how to correct the gender imbalance that can currently be seen in the industry. Moving forward, it has been recommended that oil and gas companies should think about improving the gender imbalance as part of their future business strategies.

women employees for the oil and gas industry

Kate Williams, an offshore employment law expert has explained that oil and gas companies should consider implementing flexible working arrangements and more family friendly policies. If the industry decided to introduce these policies, it has been suggested that more women are likely to be attracted to the industry.

They also highlighted that making the oil and gas industry more family friendly, there will be need more online techniques involved such as using Oil and Gas directories where they can manage their procurement platform from their confort of home meaning more time spending with their families.

A recent survey by the industry body, Oil and Gas UK explained that the amount of women employed in the oil and gas industry is far less than the national average. On average women make up around forty seven per cent of a workforce in the UK. Unfortunately, in the oil and gas industry women only make up twenty three per cent of the workforce, which is far below the national average.

The twenty three per cent figure substantially drops when we turn to the offshore sector. In fact, only three point six per cent of women make up the offshore workforce.

There are huge benefits that can be seen when businesses choose to include more women in a workforce. These include: improved financial results, better productivity, a bigger talent pool and increased market responsiveness.

Williams understands that many may think she is strange for encouraging companies to retain and attract women into the business. This is because currently the oil and gas market is seeing huge job losses and spending cuts because of the drop in the price of oil.

She explains that many businesses in the oil and gas industry are realigning their focus in order to survive the current oil and gas crisis. Many companies are looking for ways to increase their performance and Kate believes that gender diversity is one strategy that should be considered.

Those employers that do not currently offer flexible working patterns should overhaul their current system in order to reap the business benefits that will come with employing more women.

Kate Williams continues to explain that in an economic downturn many industries implement a cut cut cut strategy which is not always effective. When the economy starts to improve, many industries start to recruit again. Kate wants to change the way industries work in these situations and the oil and gas sector is no exception.

Despite the uncertainty and challenges ahead, the oil and gas market could become a much more sustainable industry, if they increased the amount of women in their workforce.



September was an incredibly good month for Schlumberger. The company announced that it had taken over both Novatek IP and Novatek Inc. The Novatek group have previously worked with Schlumberger on a number of successful projects, so it was a great move for both organisations.
Schlumberger Limited is currently the world’s biggest company that provides oilfield services. Founded in 1926, the company currently employs around one hundred and eight thousand employees and operates in over eighty five countries.

Novatek specialised in synthetic diamond technology, this technology is currently commonly used in the oil and gas industry. The relationship between Novatek and Schlumberger has always been incredibly positive and is only set to improve.

The two companies have developed technologies that have changed the oil and gas industry for the better. An example of their collaborative work can be seen in the Schlumberger’s StingBlade conical diamond element bit, this product has been a huge success in the market. The two companies have a range of new ideas that are currently being developed on by Schlumberger and will no doubt improve the current drilling technologies offered by them.

Novatek brings its six hundred patents and sixty years worth of experience to the acquisition. The company is set to continue developing its synthetic diamond technology and the company will still remain based in Utah.

The reason for the takeover is clear. By working together, Schlumberger can enhance and improve its drilling capabilities for its valued customers. They can also spend more time on research and will be able to improve both their engineering and manufacturing performance. This acquisition also further cements Schlumberger’s position as a global leader in the oil and gas industry.

In fact, this is the second acquisition the company has agreed to make over the last few months. This is despite the fact that the company had to recently make around twenty one thousand layoffs. Twenty one thousand redundancies accounted for around fifteen per cent of their total workforce, so this was a huge and devastating cut to many. These cutbacks were put down to the current situation in the oil and gas market and were seen as unavoidable.

Last month Schlumberger also acquired Cameron International – an oilfield equipment manufacturing organisation for a whopping fourteen point eight billion united states dollars.

Cameron is also a leading oil and gas service provider. They currently have a substantial catalogue of flow equipment items, services and systems that are of huge benefit to oil and gas companies across the globe. The company employs more than twenty four thousand employees and can be found operating in more than 300 worldwide locations.

The oil and gas market have been incredibly positive about this acquisition and if one thing’s for sure, we are expecting to see great things from the Schlumberger group over the next few years.

Knowing the Suppliers of Heat Exchangers

In this article you will get to know some of the known heat exchanger suppliers and a brief introduction of their companies and the services they provide. (source: )

  • Doucette Industries, Ltd.

The organization is specifically about conveying their goods precisely on time and at some point before the given time and date of conveyance. Brief transportation of the requested item is upheld by the in-house stock of supplanting components.

Customization of any gadget to the particular particulars gives adaptability and innovativeness to meet the heat exchange needs of the client.

Wide item decision gives accommodation of taking care of one shipper for the majority of the wishes of heat exchange, permitting you to spare packs of time and keep you from inconvenience.

Workforce have more than three hundred years of consolidated skill inside the assembling of the wheat exchangers alone, giving unquestionably once making the call to purchase various the absolute best quality heat exchange instrumentation realistic.

Extraordinary development in the heat exchange has a semiconductor diode to being perceived in light of the fact that Doucette can in any case seek after magnificence inside the improvement of its stock.


Wholesaler of heat exchangers and substitution tube groups from steel, 304 and 316 stainless-steel, Munoz metal and copper with twenty four hour freight reachable on most conventional U-tube packages that match various creators, spends significant time in cross referencing heat exchangers and U-tube packs. A few sizes of evaporator food tanks and pump zone unit possible with twenty four hour payloads.

As a merchant of heat exchangers, they offer a full shift substitution heat exchangers advertised.

  • JFD Tube and Coil Products Inc.

JFD Tube and Coil Inc. have been known to give fantastic stock subsequent since 1983. The Heat Exchangers are given at aggressive rates to different businesses and other items like paper, kettle repair, regular logic, sustenance methodology, healing centers and that’s just the beginning.

The organization provides other stocks too, like tube and pipe curls, tube and funnel twists, weight vessels, hair raiser barrels and blade loops. The stock produced is of unimaginable quality at moderate rates. The organization likewise has an inner crisis focus which responds to circumstances in as less as twenty four hours. The website of the organization has movement guides, solicitation to quote frames which are anything but difficult to fill and other fundamental and significant data for the buyers to help pick the correct stock.

  • Quintel, Inc.

This is basically a woman-owned manufacturer of heat exchangers specializing in device repair. The heat exchangers embrace boiler feed pump oil coolers, an XLE mechanical device inner cooler, compressor, U-bend heaters and main rotary engine oil coolers. They are capable of fabricating pipes to varying sizes and shapes from metals as well as stainless-steel, steel. Metallizing services for quite thirty materials are accessible. Testing services and the air testing of tubes or complete assembly, vacuum check, hydro test and leak testing of units are accessible.

Producers of the Heat Exchangers

Britannia Heatex have 30 years ability in the heat exchange part. They have made outlines in high caliber alongside an extensive variety of arrangements that can help clients to solve their particular issues.

Plate balance heat exchangers

The expanded surface heat exchangers use “Elfin” plate innovation, that outcomes in class-driving levels of execution and offers toughness.

Specialists have the due opportunity to adjust the financial backing and life span contemplations as they can determine the blends of diverse materials utilized, for example, copper composites, titanium and steel.

In the vortex division the specialists utilize clean air innovation, which then diminishes the weight misfortune and hence brings about lower upkeep expenses furthermore lessens the vitality utilization.

Shell and tube heat exchangers

With the wide range of businesses and the experience, it’s evident that there is an extensive variety of focused outlines that are accessible in the business sector and a whole produce administration for complete shell and tube heat exchangers.

The architects make utilization of the most developed heat and mechanical outline and procedures that are accessible which can incorporates the heat displaying and computational liquid progress (CFD).

Tube groups and U-tube packs

The organization produces various types of tube groups for new applications and additionally for the current ones. There are numerous substitutions for the units as well. The skill of the group and the experience of the group permit them to offer the longer future.

The treatment of containers of the heat exchanger, alongside the great group that is committed in the tube office, which implies that the packs can be produced without prior warning.

Bespoke heat exchangers

Britannia Heatex is presently dealing with to diminish the upkeep and downtime at force stations in Europe. This venture is right now in progress and it was encouraged by re-producing coolers and they utilized titanium tubes with tube plates that brought about an increment in imperviousness to erosion. With this the capability of ten-fold had an increment in the normal administration compass.

The air-cooled application, “Elfin” has expanded the surface innovation that additionally permits the utilization of copper blades over the titanium tubes. This is a procedure which is difficult as compared to the use of different strategies that are customary. Radiator centers are catered by the plain tube groups which likewise incorporates the hydrogen coolers.

Heat exchanger administrations

At Britannia Heatex, inventive arrangements are offered for a wide range of issues. They are novel arrangements that are motivating and accommodating in the meantime. One of the issues ordinarily confronted is about openness. Just in the event that the old heat exchanger is not uprooted, then it is going to have the issue experienced. The group at Brittania Heatex gives proficient and overall administration when the circumstance is unrealistic and troublesome, because of the time limitations and size, in expelling the current heat exchanger from a vessel.

The very gifted and completely prepared fitters can be taken at anyplace and are also accessible at short notice!

Categorization of Heat Exchangers

A device used to transfer heat between two mediums is named as a Heat Exchanger. The Heat Exchangers are available in different forms, each one of which has its own specific structure and usage. The Heat Exchanger can be categorized on the basis of stream of fluid they support or their structure. The structure of the Heat Exchanger differs in each type. Some Heat Exchangers have hot tubes while other supports plates with accessible space for the fluid to flow in the space between the plates. It is essential to know that certain Heat Exchangers can also utilize other mediums for the transference of heat.

Now that you know what a heat exchanger is, let us talk about the various types of Heat Exchangers you may come across and discuss them briefly:

Air Cooled Heat Exchanger

In devices in which a liquid coolant cannot be used, Air Cooled Heat Exchangers are used to transfer heat from a medium to another. This type of Heat Exchanger is used in mobile phones, construction vehicles and other such kind of electronic gadgets. The Heat Exchanger offers a solution for fluids by using air. The air flows with the help of a mechanical, hydraulic or an electrical fan and the air can cool fluids like engine water. One fan can cool about three fluids.

This type of Heat Exchanger is utilized in:

  • Performance Cars
  • Military Vehicles
  • Generators
  • Mining Equipment
  • Diesel Engines

Plate Heat Exchangers

The liquid in Plate Heat Exchangers streams through various mediums, each of which is separated by a series of plates. The number of these plates can be increased or in length or width to improve and control the amount of heat to be transferred. The region of surface is enormous and permits the fluid to move between the plates separating the heat as it streams by. They are more successful than the other types of Heat Exchangers available in the market.

Regenerative Heat Exchanger

The Regenerative Heat Exchanger facilitates the liquid to stream along the two sides that could hold any of the type of heat exchangers. This Heat Exchanger is capable of reserving a great sum of energy. A small mass of energy is required to increase and reduce the temperature of the fluid.

Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers

This type of Heat Exchanger comprises of a shell in the cylinder shape which has lots of tubes. The fluid which is warm streams over the external surface of the tubes and the coolant fluid streams through the tubes in order to trade heat between the conductive materials. The specific structure and flexibility of the Heat Exchangers allows the transference of heat in Leisure, Hydraulic, Industrial and other systems.

Adiabatic Heat Exchanger

The Adiabatic Heat Exchanger allows the heat to be exchanged and transferred to the other boundary of the Heat Exchanger. This type of Heat Exchanger comprises of a huge wheel. The wheel rotates within the two liquids in order to withdraw and transfer heat.

Loviisa gets new cooling towers

In the heart of Finland, the Loviisa witnessed the completion of the new air cooling systems. Although, the backup system is already present in the cooling of the sea water in Loviisa. However, they evolved the technology and built a modern and state of the art air cooling system for the enhancement of the plant. The new system will ensure the safety of the water as well and can be utilized and put to work in certain extreme situations when the plant’s reactors will not be cooled down by the sea water alone.

The heat exchangers are the new addition and the towers are situated in three separate buildings. According to the reports, the buildings do not have any significant impact and value on the plant area landscape. The height of the buildings is approximately 15 meters and they are 10 meters wide. There are two units of the Loviisa and a tower has been built for every unit. The purpose of the first tower is to eliminate the decay and clean the reactor while the second tower will also remove the heat from the fuel storage pools that have already been used and the tower will also be cooling the other equipments.

The towers are supplied by an engineering company in Hungary and are designed by Fortum. The towers get their power supply from plant reserve systems. The towers have been completed in terms of construction and the installation of machinery but they are yet to be made operational. The final testing of these towers is due later this year.

The towers use the sea water, which is approximately 40 cubic meters per second, for the cooling of the steam which regulates the electricity generating turbines. And the same water that was cooled down goes back to the sea after getting about 10 degrees centigrade warmer, with the rest of its properties still intact.

The nuclear reactors in the heat exchangers also need cooling when they are not functional. This will eliminate the heat that is being generated by the decaying of the radioactivity. Because of this reason, the emergency cooling system is enabled in all the nuclear plants to ensure the cooling systems are working properly even when the primary system fails to do so. In case of the loss and scarcity of the sea water, the Loviisa plant has a very well maintained back-up system. Moreover the construction of the new towers will further ensure the plant’s safety in the future as well.

There are many air cooling systems which are working remarkably, but the new cooling towers in Loviisa are one of the best and also the first of its kind in the world, and a great nuclear power plant. These towers are also the finest and very cost effective when it comes to the safety and the cooling of sea water. The towers will be operational after its testing by the concerned authorities later in 2015.

The Global Industry Analysts releases a new report about heat exchangers

The heat exchanger market globally is soaring high. It is expected that by the year 2020, the market will rise up to USD 24.3 billions, which is a new high. And this expected rise in the global market is said to be because of the new innovations in heat exchangers for energy efficiency.

Heat exchangers are certain devices that are now technically used in most of the commercial, industrial and engineering units and applications. Be it automotive, manufacturing, aerospace or the commercial aspects, the heat exchangers are now essential for the energy consumption and its utilization. With the increase in the number of factories and industrial units, the demand of heat exchangers has certainly gone up in the recent years. More and more companies are adapting the easy method of energy saving and consumption through the heat exchangers. As the world is still progressing in terms of innovation and technology, the demands of heat exchangers are said to be going too high in the coming years. The heat exchangers have made the energy consumption easier for them and they are also very cost effective and durable in the long run.

The sector, which is going to see the highest heat exchanger growth is the nuclear power sector. The growth in the future will also be encouraged by the continually growing emphasis on cost effectiveness, and the energy saving. The climate, fossil fuel resources, green energy and environmental pollution are some of the major reasons that are helping in shifting the global focus towards the heat exchangers.

As the new report says, the Europe is going to dominate the heat exchange market in the world. The Asia Pacific is also emerging to be the largest growing market and also the fastest on the regional front. It has a CARG of 8.9%, which is relatively higher than the other market sections of the world. There are multiple factors for this such as an increase in the income level, industrializations, favorable demographics, fast urbanization, and the infrastructure development by the government and civil society.

The report also provides an extensive research on the heat exchanger market globally in different parts of the world. The report, based on the latest findings also predicts the future growth of the heat exchangers market. It also specifies the area where the growth is expected to be much higher than the others.

There is no denying in the popularity growth of the heat exchangers over the last few years and they are more likely to grow speedily in the future also. Many industries and factories are now resorting to this new development in the field of technology because it is affordable and cost effective. These heat exchangers minimize the labor work and also produce faster results. If the global industry analyst report is to be believed, then the heat exchangers will take over the industrial market soon, with the European region leading the market over other regions of the world.

How does a heat exchanger work?

Energy saving is a big problem for many of the factory owners and it also robs them a lot of money out of their pockets. Therefore, the factory and workshop owners are now looking for energy saving substitutes and are installing the heat exchangers. These heat exchangers help a lot in terms of energy saving and consumption and also make the most out of the other waste gases. Many electronic devices, irrespective of their size, are using heat exchangers like car engines, planes, air- conditioners, ships, refrigerators etc. They eliminate the heat and convert it into the cool air and supply it back to the devices and equipments.

What are heat exchangers?

They are a type of devices that let the heat from one fluid to pass on to another. In the whole procedure, the heat exchangers do not let both the fluids to come to direct contact or to mix with each other. These heat exchangers are used in many different types of machinery, as their main purpose is to exchange the heat with the cool air. The heat exchangers are going to be a new trend setter in the coming years because of the rapid increase in their demand all over the world. The global industry analyst has already predicted the future of heat exchangers and their growing demand in the industry and the urban revolution of the world.

Uses of the heat exchangers:

They have many uses but most of the time you will find them helping or working with the machines and engines, so that they can perform more efficiently. With the air conditioners and refrigerators, it is the other way around, the heat exchangers absorb the heat and remove them from a selective area or place where it is unwanted, and throw it away to other places.

In the buses, the heat exchangers are used to cool down the engines. The car radiator can also be a type of heat exchanger. The water goes through the radiator to cool down the engine, and when the car starts to drive, the cold air near the radiator eliminates the heat from the air, and keeps the engine to perform effectively and increases its life.

A heat exchanger can also be installed in a shower. The cold water picks up some of the heat from dripping water. The cold water is converted into the cold water through a process.

Different kinds of heat exchangers:

Most of the heat exchangers, more or less do the same work, and that is to convert the heat from one fluid to the other fluid. The working ways of these heat exchangers could be different from one another. The two famous types of heat exchangers are plate/fin and the other is the shell and tube. They both work differently and have different methods, but serve only the same purpose and that is exchanging the heat and converting, and making use of it according to the advantage.